Informe sobre el país: India

Ultima revisión: 27 Mar 1998
27 Mar 1998

1 Conscription

conscription does not exist

Conscription has never existed since independence in 1948.

There is no known legislation providing for conscription. According to one source conscription may become compulsory in time of national danger. This was in fact the case in the 60s when there was conscription took place into the National Cadet Corps. (see: History) [2]

Recent reports indicate that the Indian armed forces may find it difficult to get the requisite number of recruits, especially recruits suitable to become officers. A commandant at the Indian military academy was quoted in 1996 as saying that if the present officer recruitment shortfall continued, this could pose a national problem. The government was said to be considering military salary increases, while army-officials have argued in favour of introducing conscription. [4]

There are, however, no definite plans to introduce conscription. Throughout India's history such a move has never been seriously contemplated on the grounds that it would be too expensive. [3]


Legal enlistment age is between the ages of 18 and 25. [1]

There are several paramilitary forces, such as the Railway Protection Forces, Home Guards and Civil Defence Forces. Recruitment policies of these paramilitary forces are not known. [5]

2 Conscientious objection

There is no known legal provision for conscientious objection.

3 Desertion

No information available.

5 History

Since independence there have been several systems of compulsory military training for university students and school pupils.

In 1948 the National Cadet Corps (NCC) was established in order stimulate the interest of youth in the defence of the country. In 1962, following the invasion of Indian territory by China, certain emergency recruitment regulations were introduced. All college students (male and female) aged 16 were required to take part in NCC training, which included handling arms and ammunition and meant being attached to the regular armed forces during summer holidays. This scheme was continued after the 1965 conflict with Pakistan, but was abolished in the mid-1970s. [1] [3]

6 Annual statistics

The armed forces are 1,145,000-strong - that is, 0.12 percent of the population. [5]

The paramilitary forces have 1,088.000 members. [5]


[1] Rädda Barnen 1998. Information provided to CONCODOC, January 1998. [2] Eide, A., C. Mubanga-Chipoya 1985. Conscientious objection to military service, report prepared in pursuance of resolutions 14 (XXXIV) and 1982/30 of the Sub-Commission of Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities. United Nations, New York. [3] Prasad, D., T. Smythe 1968. Conscription: a world survey, compulsory military service and resistance to it. War Resisters' International, London. [4] Asian Defence Journal, 3/1996. [5] Institute for Strategic Studies 1997. Military Balance 1997/98. ISS, London.

Recent stories on conscientious objection: India

01 Mayo 2008

¿Como reclutan los ejércitos fuera de Europa y América del Norte?

01 Feb 2008

El jefe del ejército de India Kapoor insinuó el 14 de enero de 2008 la posibilidad de instaurar un servicio militar obligatorio para solucionar la escasez de oficiales en el ejército indio. Dijo: "Si las cosas no mejoran, el gobierno podría considerarlo." Sin embargo, también dijo que "no hemos llegado a ese momento todavía".

Según cifras oficiales, el ejército indio afronta una escasez de 11,238 oficiales, de una fuerza oficial de 46,615 oficiales - un asombroso déficit del 25 %.

01 Ene 2008

India se jacta de tener las terceras fuerzas armadas más grandes del mundo, con 1,3 millones de tropas activas únicamente en el Ejército indio.

01 Dic 2006

Según un informe del Hindustan Times del 25 de noviembre de 2006, al ejército indio le falta cerca de 12.000 oficiales. El jefe del personal del ejército, general Joginder Jaswant Singh dijo: “la razón de la escasez de oficiales se debe a las nuevas unidades que se formarán, como los rifles de Rashtriya, que tienen que ser conducidos por los oficiales del ejército regular. Consecuentemente, hay un realojamiento de oficiales en las unidades del combate”.