War Profiteers

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Activistas de la IRG interrumpen la cena de bienvenida en la feria de armas ADEX
Activistas de la IRG interrumpen la cena de bienvenida en la feria de armas ADEX

La economía es una de las causas claves de la guerra – en cualquier parte donde haya un conflicto militar, alguien estará sacando provecho. Llamamos a esto “especulación de la guerra”.

La Internacional de Resistentes a la Guerra (IRG) entiende la especulación de la guerra en un sentido amplio – en cierto sentido, consideramos, a todas las empresas e iniciativas que se benefician económicamente del conflicto militar como especuladores de la guerra. Esto incluye el comercio de armas y las empresas que aprovechan la privatización y la subcontratación de servicios militares, pero también las que obtienen recursos naturales en las zonas de conflicto, instituciones financieras que invierten en empresas armamentísticas y muchas otras.

IRG publica una revista trimestral llamada War Profiteers' News (en inglés y en español) y organiza eventos para reunir a activistas e investigadores para compartir estrategias contra los especuladores de la guerra. En 2017, reuniremos a miembros y amigos de la IRG en Londres en un seminario llamado “Detener el negocio de la guerra”. Los activistas compartirán experiencias y estrategias de cómo enfrentan el comercio de armas y otros especuladores. El seminario tendrá lugar simultáneamente con la feria de armamento internacional de Equipamiento de Defensa y Seguridad (DSEI, según su nombre en inglés), donde también adoptaremos juntos acciones directas no violentas. En 2015, organizamos un evento parecido en Seúl, Corea del Sur, que tuvo lugar simultáneamente con la feria de armamento de Exhibición Internacional del Aeroespacio y la Defensa (ADEX, según su nombre en inglés).

Alsetex is a French company, owned by the Etienne Lacroix Group including various types of non-lethal munitions and crowd control equipment. Products manufactured by Alsetex include tear gas grenades, stun grenades, riot control agents, and a range of related launchers.

Société d'Application des Procédés Lefebvre (SAPL) is a French company that specialises in the manufacture of weapons and equipment for use by law enforcement, including “non-lethal” weapons, ammunitions, aerosols, shields and silencers. They also provide training in the products they manufacture. 60-70% of SAPL’s income comes from the French government, but SAPL also exports to a number of other countries. In 2022, the company reported income of €2.7m.

Cheddite is a French-Italian company with headquarters in Livorno, Italy and Bourg-lès-Valence, France. They are one of the world’s largest manufacturers of empty shot gun shells and primers.

CONTENT WARNING: this article makes references to sexual violence, torture, and other details that some readers may find upsetting.
The Wagner Group is a Russian paramilitary organisation founded in 2014 by former GRU officer Dmitry Utkin and businessman Yevgeny Prigozhin, and has been described as “one of Russia’s most influential foreign policy tools”. Since its founding, Wagner Group has become known for its readiness to use extreme levels of violence and brutality during its operations.

Accuracy International (AI) is a British company based in Portsmouth, specialising in the production of high-end, hand built, precision sniper rifles and associated equipment. Weapons manufactured by AI have been used extensively in conflict zones, including states accused of human rights abuses.

CNO Tech is a South Korean arms company, who manufacturer a range of equipment of weapons for military and law enforcement use, including single and multi-shot “riot” launchers...

A new database of Israeli military and security exports – www.dimse.info - has been launched. The new database, developed by the American Friends Service Committee, is a tool for journalists, academics, campaigners, and other civil society actors critical of Israel’s arms export and its effect on human rights around the world.

According to a new report published by Centre d’Estudis per la Pau to analyse the way banks, pension funds and insurers are funding the arms industry, the total financing to the arms industry by financial institutions operating in Spain reached nearly €11,969 million between the years 2014 and 2019. The largest armed banks operating in Spain are again BBVA, Santander, ING, Deutsche Bank, Banco Sabadell, Bankia and Caixabank.

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