Conscription has existed ever since Kuwait achieved independence in 1961. Kuwait is, in fact, the only Persian Gulf State that has conscription.
Conscription is enshrined in arts. 47 and 158 of the Constitution, which describe national defence as a sacred and honourable duty regulated by law. 
The present legal basis of conscription is the 1980 Compulsory Service Act (Law 102/1980). 
All men aged 18 to 30 are liable for military service.