El derecho a rechazar matar

War Resisters' International's programme The Right to Refuse to Kill combines a wide range of activities to support conscientious objectors individually, as well as organised groups and movements for conscientious objection.

Our main publications are CO-Alerts (advocacy alerts sent out whenever a conscientious objector is prosecuted) and CO-Updates (a bimonthly look at developments in conscientious objection around the world).

We maintain the CO Guide - A Conscientious Objector's Guide to the International Human Rights System, which can help COs to challenge their own governments, and protect themselves from human rights abuses.

Information about how nation states treat conscientious objectors can be found in our World Survey of Conscientious Objection and recruitment.

More info on the programme is available here.

En respuesta a los numerosos casos conocidos de abuso sexual y acoso a mujeres por parte de miembros de las fuerzas armadas y la policía en diferentes lugares de Colombia, a finales de julio, la vicepresidenta colombiana Martha Lucía Ramírez se reunió con el Ministerio de Defensa y las Fuerzas Militares. Durante esta reunión, la Vicepresidenta propuso la inclusión y el reclutamiento de mujeres como una estrategia que podría prevenir la violencia contra las mujeres por parte de miembros de las fuerzas militares y policiales.

A principios de junio, el Presidente de los Estados Unidos amenazó a los gobernadores de los estados con la Ley de Insurrección 1807, la cual le permitiría enviar militares y policías federales a ciudades de todo el país -como ocurrió en Washington D.C.- si no reaccionaban y reprimían las protestas en sus estados. Algunos miembros de la Guardia Nacional y soldados en servicio activo se pusieron en contacto con organizaciones de veteranos y de defensa de los derechos de los soldados para consultar sus opciones si se negaban a cumplir y a seguir las órdenes.

La Federación de Rusia ha iniciado la undécima campaña de reclutamiento de residentes en Crimea y la ciudad de Sebastopol. La Unión Europea ha condenado este intento de reclutamiento y ha pedido a Rusia que detenga todas las violaciones de derechos humanos y del derecho internacional en la península de Crimea.

A raíz de los informes sobre actividades de extrema derecha de miembros activos o antiguos miembros del ejército alemán, la nueva comisionada de las fuerzas armadas, Eva Högl, inició un debate afirmando que "acabar con el reclutamiento fue un gran error" y reintroducirlo podría ayudar a enfrentar las ideas antidemocráticas dentro del ejército. La Ministra de Defensa Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer rechazó la idea del regreso del servicio militar obligatorio, anunciando, por otra parte, un nuevo servicio voluntario llamado "Tu año por Alemania" que se introducirá en 2021.

Return to Conscientious Objection: A Practical Companion for Movements

In an extract reproduced from WRI's 2010 anthology of women conscientious objectors, Ferda Ülker, a feminist, LGBT, and antimilitarist activist, as well as one of the first women to declare herself a conscientious objector in Turkey, explains how she came to make the decision to do so in 2005, and the gender dynamics she encountered along the way. Her declaration itself is also included.

Conscientious objection has been associated with men who declare themselves conscientious objectors. The issue has been molded and defined by them, most importantly by the compulsory military service duty they face. We women saw ourselves not as agents but supporters of the struggle. As we got involved however, we started to see the crucial importance of women's inclusion in the conscientious objectors' struggle. On the other hand, it still took us a long time to find the courage to say ‘yes, here we are’. One of the reasons for this may be the militarist culture which has had its effect on us. Having been raised in this cultural environment, even when we participate in oppositional movements, we may fail to get rid of the marks of it. We get fearful as women even when we are a part of the oppositional movement's gatherings. When we come up with a claim and need to make it, we wait to make our point intact, clear enough to deny any space for discussion. But time passes while we wait.

Return to Conscientious Objection: A Practical Companion for Movements

Throughout this book, readers will find there is a particular focus on ‘gender’. But why is such a focus pertinent? Dr. Cynthia Cockburn is a feminist researcher and writer, living in London, where she is active in Women in Black against War, and the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom. She holds honorary chairs in the Department of Sociology, City University London, and the Centre for the Study of Women and Gender, University of Warwick. Here, she addresses this question.

Why Gender?

The clear conviction of authors and editors that 'gender matters' is a welcome feature of this book. But why does it matter? What do we gain by employing a gender analysis in the study of conscientious objection, the movement of those who refuse to be enlisted into the state's preparations for war? The answer to this question, I think, may come in three parts.

Introducción

Placheolder image
Regresa a Objeción de Conciencia: Una guía práctica para los movimientos

Why this Book?

Conscientious objection to military service is most often viewed, and written about, as a moral stand that an individual takes against an injustice in a particular conflict, or against the injustice that is war itself. But conscientious objection is also a form of political action, and a focus for campaigning and organising. As such, it has its particular strengths, and faces particular challenges.

This book has been created by and for organisers and campaigners working on conscientious objection all over the world. It contains short articles, brief case studies written by conscientious objectors and experienced activists from five continents, who tell about their actions and campaigns, share tips for successful campaigning, and discuss the difficulties their movements are facing. The chapters of the book cover a broad variety of political and social contexts in which conscientious objection movements operate and address the specific features of conscientious objection on different ideological grounds. They also pose some tough questions conscientious objectors have to face if they want their movements to be sustainable and to avoid reproducing the very same militarised and patriarchal social structures that created the injustice to which they respond.

Tras el Día Internacional de la Objeción de Conciencia, la IRG organizó un seminario web sobre objeción de conciencia y asilo con contribuciones de activistas de la Oficina Cuáquera ante las Naciones Unidas (QUNO) y Connection e.V.. Las presentaciones de este seminario web están ahora disponibles en línea y puede verlas aquí (en inglés).

¡El último número de nuestro boletín Informe OC ya está disponible! En este número encontrarán historias sobre objeción de conciencia y reclutamiento de Ucrania, Turquía, Eritrea, Alemania, Estados Unidos, Azerbaiyán, Tailandia, entre otros.

El Movimiento Pacifista Ucraniano condena el proyecto de ley 3553, recientemente enviado al parlamento por el Presidente Zelensky. Si el parlamento aprueba el proyecto de ley, Ucrania se enfrentará a un mayor derramamiento de sangre, el crimen aumentará, y nuestra economía caerá en una miseria y unas sombras más profundas. Miles más de ciudadanos ucranianos buscarán asilo en el extranjero, lejos de la guerra y la violencia que destruyen su forma de vida pacífica.

Subscribe to El derecho a rechazar matar