War profiteer profile: Nurol Makina

An armoured 4x4 vehicle outide. It is a tan colour.
An Ejder Yalcin armoured vehicle, manufactured by Nurol Makina

Found in 1976, Nurol Makina is a Turkish defence company, specialising in the manufacture of armoured vehicles used by military, police, and security forces around the world. Nurol Makina is owned by Nurol Holding, a conglomerate which owns a range of companies covering the construction, defence manufacturing, energy, investment banking and tourism industries. A number of other companies owned by Nurol Holding are focused on manufacturing weapons.

At the end of 2022, Nurol Holding reported that Nurol Makina employed 622 staff.

The company has exhibited at arms fairs all over the world. In just the last year, the company has posted images of its attendance at IDEF (Turkey), MiliPol (Qatar), DSEI Japan, INDO Defence Expo (India), MSPO (Poland), BSDA (Romania), and DSA (Malaysia). In 2017 vehicles manufactured by Nurol Makina were photographed by activists outside the DSEI arms fair in London.


In 2022, Nurol Makina opened a new company in Hungary, after Hungary became the first EU country to start using the company's Ejder Yalcin armoured vehicle.

Financial figures from 2022 indicate that Nurol Makina generated around US$81m income, with assets of around $211m.

Ejder Yalcin

The Ejder Yalçın is a 4x4 “tactical armoured vehicle” used by a range of military forces, especially in Europe (where it is used by Georgia and Hungary), Africa (Chad, Morocco, Niger, Senegal and Tunisia) and Asia (Malaysia, Qatar and Uzbekistan). Photos appear to show the Yalcin being used by the Senegalese Genderarmie in response to protests in 2021.


Ejder Toma

The Ejder Toma is a 4x4 “riot control vehicle” water cannon manufactured by Nurol Makina and a number of other Turkish companies (Otokar, BMC Otomotiv, Katmerciler and Moğol Makina, as well as Nurol Makina). The Toma is able to carry five tons of water. The Turkish government is understood to have ordered 73 of the cannons, deploying them across the country. After the vehicle was used to crackdown on the Gezi Park protests in 2013, orders were also placed by Brazil, Chile, Kuwait, Libya and Senegal.

As well as water, the Toma can be used with dye (to mark protesters for later identification and arrest), tear gas and foam (to put out fires).

The Toma has been exhibited as part of the Milipol Qatar arms fair in 2022.


It has also been photographed in use by police in Santiago, Chile, against protesters in 2020.

Nurol Makina Edjer Toma | “guanaco” (water cannon truck) - Santiago, Chile (2020)

Programmes & Projects
Police militarisation theme

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