Conscientious objection

Colombia: Progress on law on conscientious objection?

Following the discussion of a first draft law submitted by Senator Maritza Martinez of the "Partido de la U" - the party of ex-president Uribe - in the Colombian Senate earlier this year, with the result that all articles specific to conscientious objection to military service were lost in the processs, the same Senator is now proposing a reworked draft.

Armenia: Changes to conscription likely as imprisonment of conscientious objectors resumes

In August two new conscientious objectors were imprisoned in Armenia - both Jehovah's Witnesses - after a break of a year. This brings the number of COs imprisoned in Armenia to 32. Additionally, 16 people (also Jehovah's Witnesses) have been given jail terms in 2012 but have yet to be incarcerated as their appeals are pending. There are a further 23 cases waiting to be heard.

Austria: Referendum on conscription in January 2013

On 20 January 2013, the citizens of Austria will be able to decide on the future of conscription in the country in a referendum. At present, it seems impossible to predict the outcome of the referendum - opinion polls differ, and are generally close, with 51:49 results not uncommon - in favour or against conscription.

Autumn conscription campaign starts in Tajikistan on October 1

DUSHANBE, September 28, 2012, Asia-Plus -- On September 22, President Emomali Rahmon signed a decree on drafting young Tajiks into the country’s armed forces from October through November 2012, the president’s official website reports.

The draft affects able-bodied male citizens in the age bracket of 18 years old to 27 years old, who are not members of the armed forces reserve. The same decree provides for the retirement from active duty of soldiers and sergeants whose service under conscription is over.

Austrians to vote on abolishing military service

VIENNA, Aug 28 (Reuters) - Austrians will vote in January on whether they want to abolish military service, an issue which has divided the ruling coalition, officials said on Tuesday.

The centre-left Social Democrats (SPO) and the centre-right People's Party (OVP) have argued for two years over the future of the neutral country's military, with the SPO lobbying for a professional army and the OVP insisting on keeping the draft.

The parties have now agreed to put the issue to voters in a referendum, the outcome of which is hard to predict.

Unnatural Sexual Relation or Psycho-Sexual Deficiency: Is A Third Way Impossible?

Within Turkish society, which is dominated by a spiral of 'masculinity' and 'military service', sexism and homophobia are ever present. Militarist institutions humiliate and label homosexuals, they treat them carelessly and make their life miserable, especially when it comes to the 'military service'. Firstly, the army as an institution has been presented as a gift that remains out of reach if one is gay.

South Korea, a Difficult Place for Queers and Conscientious Objectors

South Korea is a conservative country with strong patriarchal and heteronormative traditions, where queers and conscientious objectors have difficulty fitting in. Especially because the South Korea military maintains a conscription system, the military strongly influences the way in which Korean men's gender identity is shaped. “Masculinity” is something that I don't have, but in the conservative South Korean society people find it odd and make queers like me feel ashamed and embarrassed - which often leads us to blame ourselves for not being able to satisfy society's criteria of normality.

Report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review: Republic of Korea. Addendum: Response of the Republic of Korea on the Universal Periodic Review recommendations

A/HRC/8/40/Add.1

(...)

Recommendation:

"17. To recognize the right of conscientious objection by law, to decriminalize refusal of active military service and to remove any current prohibition from employment in Government or public organizations, in line with the recommendation by the Human Rights Committee (Slovenia);"

Response by the Government

"Alternative service programs for conscientious objectors are currently being studied."

Recommendation:

Report of the Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief, Heiner Bielefeldt, on his mission to the Republic of Moldova (1 – 8 September 2011)

Report of the Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief, Heiner Bielefeldt

Addendum

Mission to the Republic of Moldova

(...)

E. Conscientious objection to military service

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