Conscientious objection

Austria: Referendum on conscription in January 2013

On 20 January 2013, the citizens of Austria will be able to decide on the future of conscription in the country in a referendum. At present, it seems impossible to predict the outcome of the referendum - opinion polls differ, and are generally close, with 51:49 results not uncommon - in favour or against conscription.

Autumn conscription campaign starts in Tajikistan on October 1

DUSHANBE, September 28, 2012, Asia-Plus -- On September 22, President Emomali Rahmon signed a decree on drafting young Tajiks into the country’s armed forces from October through November 2012, the president’s official website reports.

The draft affects able-bodied male citizens in the age bracket of 18 years old to 27 years old, who are not members of the armed forces reserve. The same decree provides for the retirement from active duty of soldiers and sergeants whose service under conscription is over.

Austrians to vote on abolishing military service

VIENNA, Aug 28 (Reuters) - Austrians will vote in January on whether they want to abolish military service, an issue which has divided the ruling coalition, officials said on Tuesday.

The centre-left Social Democrats (SPO) and the centre-right People's Party (OVP) have argued for two years over the future of the neutral country's military, with the SPO lobbying for a professional army and the OVP insisting on keeping the draft.

The parties have now agreed to put the issue to voters in a referendum, the outcome of which is hard to predict.

Unnatural Sexual Relation or Psycho-Sexual Deficiency: Is A Third Way Impossible?

Within Turkish society, which is dominated by a spiral of 'masculinity' and 'military service', sexism and homophobia are ever present. Militarist institutions humiliate and label homosexuals, they treat them carelessly and make their life miserable, especially when it comes to the 'military service'. Firstly, the army as an institution has been presented as a gift that remains out of reach if one is gay.

South Korea, a Difficult Place for Queers and Conscientious Objectors

South Korea is a conservative country with strong patriarchal and heteronormative traditions, where queers and conscientious objectors have difficulty fitting in. Especially because the South Korea military maintains a conscription system, the military strongly influences the way in which Korean men's gender identity is shaped. “Masculinity” is something that I don't have, but in the conservative South Korean society people find it odd and make queers like me feel ashamed and embarrassed - which often leads us to blame ourselves for not being able to satisfy society's criteria of normality.

Report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review: Republic of Korea. Addendum: Response of the Republic of Korea on the Universal Periodic Review recommendations




"17. To recognize the right of conscientious objection by law, to decriminalize refusal of active military service and to remove any current prohibition from employment in Government or public organizations, in line with the recommendation by the Human Rights Committee (Slovenia);"

Response by the Government

"Alternative service programs for conscientious objectors are currently being studied."


Report of the Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief, Heiner Bielefeldt, on his mission to the Republic of Moldova (1 – 8 September 2011)

Report of the Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief, Heiner Bielefeldt


Mission to the Republic of Moldova


E. Conscientious objection to military service

Armenian Defense Ministry implements professional component expansion steps in the armed forces

Yerevan, August 14, ARMENPRESS: The Armenian armed forces recruitment mixed principle continues to be the main. As “Armenpress” reports the Armenian Minister of Defense Seyran Ohanyan noted about this during the meeting with the hawk participants on August 14.

To his word although all the states are rapidly moving towards the formation of professional armies, “however, because of our geographical conditions, we still take steps to expand the professional component and try to gradually increase the contractual service”.

TURKEY: New Psychological Torture for Gays from GATA: “Facing the Family”

Criticized in the previous years for asking gays to bring photos of them taken during sexual intercourse in order for them to receive a so-called “rotten” (unfit) report that would exempt them from mandatory military service, Turkish Armed Forces (TSK) now gave up on this method and found a derivative of it.

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