Conscientious objection

UN Human Rights Committee calls on Turkey to Improve its Human Rights Situation

Joint press release from War Resisters' International, IHD, International Fellowship of Reconciliation, Istanbul LGBTT, International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission, and the Centre for Civil and Political Rights

Geneva 17-18 October 2012.

Desertion, retention plague Afghan army

KABUL, Afghanistan, Oct. 16 (UPI) -- Recruiting and retention problems within the Afghan military are endangering the timetable for withdrawal of U.S. and Western troops, military authorities say.

About a third of the Afghan army is lost each year to desertion and low re-enlistment rates, The New York Times reported Monday.

Recruitment is actually ahead of schedule; the army reached its full authorized strength of 195,000 soldiers in June, three months ahead of schedule. However, there are no units American forces believe are able to operate without NATO assistance.

IFOR / CPTI: Submission to the Human Rights Committee, Israel, 2012

INTERNATIONAL FELLOWSHIP OF RECONCILIATION (IFOR) and CONSCIENCE AND PEACE TAX INTERNATIONAL (CPTI)

Submission to the 105th Session of the Human Rights Committee for the attention of the Country Report Task Force on ISRAEL

(Military service, conscientious objection and related issues)

Prepared April 2012 by Derek Brett

Summary

Russia: Government suggests barring military draft dodgers from civil service jobs

The Russian government has submitted to the State Duma a bill suggesting that military draft dodgers should be barred from civil service jobs. The bill amends "certain legislative acts of Russia for building up the prestige and attractiveness of military service by conscription."

A briefing note published on the government website said that citizens who had served in the Armed Forces by conscription would enjoy preferences in recruitment for civil service jobs and inclusion in administrative reserves.

Kazakhstan to introduce "defence training" for all

Kazakhstan will introduce universal military training for all adult citizens, according to a government decree published on 2nd August.

"The goal of universal military training of citizens is to attract the population to civil defence activities, prepare for necessary contingencies, and build up the armed forces in the period of martial law," the document said.

Training will be compulsory for males aged 16 to 60 years, and women between 18 and 45 years who are childless or whose children are older than 10 years.

Colombia: Progress on law on conscientious objection?

Following the discussion of a first draft law submitted by Senator Maritza Martinez of the "Partido de la U" - the party of ex-president Uribe - in the Colombian Senate earlier this year, with the result that all articles specific to conscientious objection to military service were lost in the processs, the same Senator is now proposing a reworked draft.

Armenia: Changes to conscription likely as imprisonment of conscientious objectors resumes

In August two new conscientious objectors were imprisoned in Armenia - both Jehovah's Witnesses - after a break of a year. This brings the number of COs imprisoned in Armenia to 32. Additionally, 16 people (also Jehovah's Witnesses) have been given jail terms in 2012 but have yet to be incarcerated as their appeals are pending. There are a further 23 cases waiting to be heard.

Austria: Referendum on conscription in January 2013

On 20 January 2013, the citizens of Austria will be able to decide on the future of conscription in the country in a referendum. At present, it seems impossible to predict the outcome of the referendum - opinion polls differ, and are generally close, with 51:49 results not uncommon - in favour or against conscription.

Autumn conscription campaign starts in Tajikistan on October 1

DUSHANBE, September 28, 2012, Asia-Plus -- On September 22, President Emomali Rahmon signed a decree on drafting young Tajiks into the country’s armed forces from October through November 2012, the president’s official website reports.

The draft affects able-bodied male citizens in the age bracket of 18 years old to 27 years old, who are not members of the armed forces reserve. The same decree provides for the retirement from active duty of soldiers and sergeants whose service under conscription is over.

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