Nonviolence Handbook

A gender dialogue for peacebuilders

  • To create a space for dialogue between women and men in peace organisations.
  • To identify points of tensions between men and women in peace organisations.
  • To develop a level of comfort and commitment to addressing gender issues in peace organisations.

Introduction Exercise

In this section we describe a number of exercises to help you develop your nonviolent campaigns and actions. These exercises can be used during nonviolence trainings, workshops and group meetings. Exercises help make our time together more participatory and contributes to the process of learning and building capacities among participants.

Working Together

1) Several of the organizers and all the trainers should meet well in advance to plan the training. Depending on the situation, the organizers may need to go back to the group for further decision making. The trainers questions may help the organizers understand what more they need to do to prepare the group for the training.

Intro to section

Planning and facilitating nonviolence training requires a range of tasks, which should be shared by a number of people.

First of all, the campaign organizers need to be aware of when training is needed. Does the group need training in strategic campaign development or gender sensitivity? Is training needed to prepare a new group of people to participate in nonviolent actions, or an experienced group to achieve new skills? Do affinity groups need training in group process?

Bombspotting - moving from a national to an international campaign

On July 8th, 1996, the International Court of Justice declared “that the threat or use of nuclear weapons would generally be contrary to the rules of international law”. This offered peace movements an additional argument and a legal basis for actions of civil disobedience against nuclear weapons. In Belgium, small actions of civil disobedience at NATO's headquarters and Kleine Brogel air force base were the start of a campaign, Bombspotting, raising the issue of nuclear weapons, and the legal duty to disarm.

Peace Community of San José de Apartadó,Colombia : A lesson of resistance, dignity and courage

The peace community of San Jose de Apartado was founded in 1997 and was born in adverse conditions for nonviolent resistance. The Community is located in an area of Uraba, Colombia, where strong economic interests are at play and where armed conflict is waged between guerrillas (the FARC), state forces and (usually working in collusion with the state) paramilitaries. It is an area where political terror, assassination and intimidation has been used to eliminate leaders and activists. The Peace Community itself is formed of displaced people, people whose parents and grandparents were also victims of violence. Throughout its existence, the Peace Community has had to face campaigns to discredit it from the highest levels of national government and the media, especially under the government of Alvaro Uribe.

South Korea

Not long ago the concept ‘nonviolent way of struggle’ began to be used in Korean social movements. Still, many social activists see nonviolence negatively, as a weak, passive, non-resistant form of struggle, partly because of our own history.

Turkey

Militarism and patriarchy is deeply rooted in Turkish culture. Currently, war in the 'south-east' is based on ethnic discrimination against Kurds although it is officially described as a 'war against terrorism'. Any attempt to question militarism is called 'treason'. The people most affected by the negative consequences of violence are primarily women, children and elders, and also the religious, ethnic and political minorities. Violence is so internalized in Turkish society that alternative perspectives have been made 'unthinkable' - even among those who normally question hierarchy and promote freedom and equality.

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