Nonviolence Programme

War Resisters' International nonviolence programme

Introduction

At the War Resisters' International Council meeting in Ohrid, Macedonia, in June 2004, it was decided to merge the WRI programmes "Nonviolence and Social Empowerment"[1] and "Globalisation and Militarism"[2] to a new programme called "Nonviolence Programme".

The Nonviolence and Social Empowerment Programme goes back to the mid-1990s, and had focused on the Nonviolence and Social Empowerment Study Conference[3], which took p

Recent War Profiteers posts

29 Aug 2014
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Press Statement by the spokesperson of the campaign Action outcry - Stop the arms trade!

29 Aug 2014
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By Angela Cuenca Sempértegui

28 Aug 2014
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By Sunniva Taylor

28 Aug 2014
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By Xavier León Vega

27 Aug 2014
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Elbit Systems is one of the world's largest defence electronics manufacturers and integrators. Established in 1967, and based in Haifa, Israel, Elbit employs 11,000 people worldwide. It supplies the military, navy and air force in the occupation of Palestine, and has profited greatly from Israel's numerous attacks and assaults on the Palestinian and Lebanese people.

27 Aug 2014
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For the next four years the First World War may be used to promote militarism. But to use the war to promote military spending and justify conflict is a miserable legacy for those who died. CAAT is challenging this militarism, which helps to sustain the arms trade now, by exposing the profiteering of the arms trade during the First World War, and the opposition to it that followed.

27 Aug 2014
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By Wendela de Vries

“Secure societies – Protecting freedom and security of Europe and its citizens.”

25 Jul 2014
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http://www.enaat.org/news/IsraelGaza.shtml

As the conflict in the Gaza Strip continues to escalate, and the body count continues to increase, the European Network Against Arms Trade (ENAAT) has called for an immediate end to all European military support for Israel and for the EU to declare a comprehensive arms embargo on all parties in conflict. Pending such an embargo, all EU states must immediately suspend all transfers of military equipment, assistance and ammunitions to the parties in conflict.

Recent Nonviolence Programme related publications

20 Sep 2014
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Militaries across the world gain access to young people through education systems.

It gives them an extraordinary chance to shape every generation's perception of military violence and lay the groundwork for future recruitment.

25 - 31 October sees the first international week of action for military-free education and research: a concerted effort of antimilitarist action across the world to raise awareness and challenge of the role the military have in education, and to give voice to alternatives.

01 Sep 2014
it

Small Actions, Big Movements: the Continuum of NonviolenceSmall Actions, Big Movements: the Continuum of NonviolenceL’amico Franco Perna, storico volto dell’impegno nonviolento italiano, scrive per noi un resoconto della Conferenza Mondiale della WRI (War Resisters’ International) alla quale ha partecipato come delegato del Movimento Nonviolento.

La Conferenza, che si e’ tenuta per la prima volta in Africa, e’ stata preceduta e seguita da almeno 6 altri incontri di organismi associati alla WRI, tra cui: ‘Pan-African Nonviolence/Peacebuilding Network’ e ‘Women Peacemakers Program/Gender & Militarism Consultation’. La stessa WRI ha tenuto la sua assemblea statutaria coi delegati di sezioni e organizzazioni associate, nonche’ le riunioni del suo consiglio (quello uscente all’inizio e il nuovo alla fine) – quest’ultimo eletto dall’assemblea composto da 12 membri (scelti tra i 17 candidati proposti dale sezioni) provenienti dai seguenti paesi: Corea, Israele, Nepal, Regno Unito, Serbia/Messico, Spagna, Sud Sudan, Svezia, Turchia, Venezuela, Zimbabwe/Svezia.

28 Aug 2014
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'Arming all sides' is the name of this issue's campaign of the month - an initiative that looks at the arms trade during World War One, and how the arms trade has been one of the main motors for wars since "the war to end all wars". The latest military attacks in Iraq are the clearest example of war profiteers making their killing by arming all sides.

27 Aug 2014
Spanish

Agosto 21 de 2014

El TEJIDO POR LA OBJECION DE CONCIENCIA – MEDELLÍN, se pronuncia frente a los hechosdel Jueves 14 de Agosto en los que el joven Objetor de Conciencia JOSÍAS JOHAN PATIÑO quien se dirigía hacia su trabajo fue retenido ilegalmente por efectivos del ejército nacional, provenientes de la Sexta División, Vigésima Séptima Brigada del Departamento del Putumayo, haciendo caso omiso a lo ordenado por la Corte Constitucional en la sentencia C-879 de 2011, en donde dice que “ningún joven puede obligarse a subirse al camión, ni ser reclutado a la fuerza. Es decir, ningún joven puede ser conducido a cuarteles o distritos militares, ni ser detenido por autoridades por largos periodos de tiempo, ni ser obligado a que le practiquen exámenes. Tampoco puede ser obligado a incorporarse a las filas”.

27 Aug 2014
English

Gaza protest in Cape TownGaza protest in Cape Town

War Profiteers' News, August 2014

By Omar Barghouti

Just as we said during apartheid that it was inappropriate for international artists to perform in South Africa in a society founded on discriminatory laws and racial exclusivity, so it would be wrong for Cape Town Opera to perform in Israel.”

Desmond Tutu

Back in the 1980s, while studying engineering at Columbia University in New York, I was active in the divestment campaign against South African apartheid. When a fellow student cynically asked me, “Do you really think apartheid will end in your lifetime?”, my answer was, “No, I don’t. I am doing this as a moral obligation to stand with the oppressed anywhere.” But apartheid was abolished in my lifetime, and no one can take the inspiring power of that achievement away from me or from anyone around the world who contributed, no matter how modestly, to that universal struggle.

26 Aug 2014
English

Overall themes emerging from the plenary sessions

DAY ONE – 5 JULY 2014

 

The continuum of violence

Opening statements

Bernede

22 Aug 2014
English

The agenda was as follows:

Day 1: What do we mean by peacebuilding? An introduction to the meaning of peacebuilding in general and on the African continent in particular.

Day 2: The example of South Sudan (with a film on the Alternatives to Violence Project)

Day 3: Comparison: state-managed peacebuilding on the example of Kosovo and Bosnia-Hercegovina

22 Aug 2014
English

Introduction

22 Aug 2014
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The joint theme group Resisting War on Mother Earth, Reclaiming Our Home; and Nonviolent Community Struggles was a success. These groups combined for the second half of the triennial, to discuss deep intersections between militarism, imperialism and ecological destruction. Participants outlined the range of solutions, to uncover real and politically feasible solutions. We also assessed the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of this moment.

22 Aug 2014
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What were the main themes covered in the theme group?

22 Aug 2014
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Main forms of militarization of youth in different countries - participants sharing from their context:

The United Kingdom:

  • Armed Forces Day - local towns organize events for the military inviting the public to them

  • Schools are encouraged to invite soldiers (including even inviting helicopters that land in the school courtyards to excite the children).

  • Cadet programs in schools from the age of 12 - this is all funded by the armed forces, and includes weapons trainings.

  • Military stalls in fairs and festivals

  • Long term military contract that bind people who sign them at a young age

  • Use of the centennial of WWI to bring up nostalgia and heroisation of war, as well as nostalgia to the national unity of war time.

19 Aug 2014
English

One of the most effective ways to prepare for war is to prepare the minds and bodies of young people to take part in it.

War Resisters' International's Countering the Militarisation of Youth project has launched antimili-youth.net - a great resource for anyone who wants to find out more about how young people are taught to regard armed violence, and the military and its values, as positive and uncontroversial. It is the first international site giving an overview of these issues.

It allows groups and individuals to easily upload their own information on the strategies used in different contexts to militarise young people, as well as reports on their work to disrupt these processes.

19 Aug 2014
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DIY: Make your own handbook

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19 Aug 2014
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19 Aug 2014
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19 Aug 2014
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19 Aug 2014
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Diaspora solidarity for Eritrea: the Arbi Harnet campaign

Abraham G. Mehreteab

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19 Aug 2014
English

You can order a printed copy of the Handbook for Nonviolent Campaigns in our webshop at http://wri-irg.org/node/23245.

19 Aug 2014
English

On Thursday 14 August the young conscientious objector, JOSÍAS JOHAN PATIÑO was on his way to work. Around 7 a.m. he was at the Aguacatala station when, under orders from Captain Barrera, members of the national army, Sergeant Peña and auxiliary prison guard Gutierrez from the 6th Division, twenty seventh brigade in the Department of Putumayo, stormed the Aguacatala metro station. They asked for and withheld the identity card of the young man mentioned as a way of coercing him to climb into the truck which the army uses for recruiting young men by force i.e. rather than issuing the appropriate summons to resolve his military situation as law 48 of 1993 states.

15 Aug 2014
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The last fortnight has seen growing protests against the companies arming the Israeli military, in particular the company Elbit Systems. “This is part of a growing direct action campaign against corporations that are profiteering from making machineries of death”, said the Melbourne Palestine Action Group, who occupied their factory in Melbourne. In Britain, the London Palestine Action Group occupied Elbit's factory in Birmingham. In the US groups stopped the Israeli ship Zim Haifa from unloading goods at the Oakland port.  WRI has signed up to the European Network Against Arms Trade statement calling upon the European Union to end its military support for Israel. Have a look at Sahar Vardi's article on resisting militarism within Israel here and WRI's statement on the assault on Gaza.

Read more...

15 Aug 2014
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WRI has released the new edition of the Handbook for Nonviolent Campaigns.

15 Aug 2014
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More than 200 activists and campaigners from around the world gathered at Cape Town's City Hall for a five day conference co-organised by WRI and the Ceasefire Campaign. The conference looked at how all forms and scales of violence are interconnected - from domestic violence to war and multi-national military interventions. Participants were welcomed to Cape Town by Archbishop Desmond Tutu.

15 Aug 2014
English

War Resisters League resists all war-making and militarism, regardless of US Congressional approval. The crisis unfolding in Iraq will not be solved by military action and air strikes. It will not be solved by arming forces in Iraq with “Hellfire” missiles nor by neoliberal development policies. It will not be solved by forces that reduce the humanity in Iraq to sectarian factions or powerless victims caught between geopolitical conflicts.

15 Aug 2014
English

One of the most effective ways to prepare for war is to prepare the minds and bodies of young people to take part in it: sowing the seeds of militarisation. After some months in the planning, we're glad to announce our new website on youth militarisation. We hope this can help people to find out about youth militarisation, and share inspiration for how to disrupt it.

14 Aug 2014
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Tools for grounding, protecting and blockading

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Time:

5 to 10 minutes to practice each variation.

Goal or purpose:

To learn physical tools that can help you protect yourself and others in your group, and de-escalate a situation.

14 Aug 2014
English

Who has power in a school?

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Time:

45 minutes

14 Aug 2014
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Forum theatre

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Time:

minimum 45 minutes

14 Aug 2014
English

“Is it newsworthy?”

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Time:

45 minutes

Goal or purpose:

To explore how a group could use or adapt their actions to enhance their work with the media.

Preparation/materials:

A large piece of flip chart paper and markers – draw a 'spectrum' cross, marked with 'newsworthy/not newsworthy' and 'core message/not core message' (see diagram).

14 Aug 2014
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Spectrum and cross spectrum

Also known as a barometer

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Time:

45 minutes

14 Aug 2014
English

Role playing

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Time:

30 minutes minimum

14 Aug 2014
English

I could do that if...

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Time:

30 minutes

14 Aug 2014
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Decision making

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Time:

Minimum 45 minutes

14 Aug 2014
English

Tree and wind

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Time:

30 minutes

Goal or purpose:

Trust games help to highlight situations of insecurity or fear, and of confidence in yourself and the group

14 Aug 2014
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Spectrum of allies

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Time:

Minimum 30 minutes

13 Aug 2014
English

NO to continued war in Iraq!

War Resisters League resists all war-making and militarism, regardless of US Congressional approval. The crisis unfolding in Iraq will not be solved by military action and air strikes. It will not be solved by arming forces in Iraq with “Hellfire” missiles nor by neoliberal development policies. It will not be solved by forces that reduce the humanity in Iraq to sectarian factions or powerless victims caught between geopolitical conflicts. It will not be solved by congratulating ourselves for predicting the outcome of sanctions, invasion, and occupation nor by simply historicizing this devastating moment.

13 Aug 2014
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Risky situation

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Time:

40 minutes

13 Aug 2014
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Letter from a Birmingham jail

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Time:

20 to 30 minutes

13 Aug 2014
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Power flower

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Time:

45 minutes

Goal or purpose:

To support groups and individuals to recognise how their own social identity does – or doesn't – align with those most powerful in society.

13 Aug 2014
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The pillars of power

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Time:

Minimum 30 minutes

13 Aug 2014
English

The problem tree/the healthy tree

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Time:

Minimum 30 minutes

Goal or purpose of the exercise:

To identify and analyse the nature and components of the problem and to come up with positive responses.

13 Aug 2014
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10/10 strategies

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Time:

30 minutes, minimum

Goal or purpose:

To learn about the rich history of nonviolent campaigns, gain a better understanding of campaigns, tactics and movements

13 Aug 2014
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Imagine the future: setting goals

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Time needed:

60-120 minutes

Goal or purpose:

  • to 'imagine the future' and develop steps to get there;

13 Aug 2014
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River of life – gender lens

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Time:

45 minutes minimum, depending on how much time is spent sharing the drawings.

Goal or purpose:

To explore how gender has shaped and influenced participants lives, and help participants to articulate this.

13 Aug 2014
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Brainstorming

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Time:

15 minutes, or longer

Goal or purpose:

Brainstorming is a group technique designed to generate a large number of ideas in a limited amount of time.

13 Aug 2014
English

Parallel lines (also known as 'hassle lines')

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Time:

20 minutes (as an introduction or warm-up), 45 minutes (as a full exercise).

Goal or purpose:

To give people an opportunity to solve a hassle or conflict using nonviolence.

To experience a conflict from various viewpoints.

13 Aug 2014
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Tasks and tools for organising a training

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12 Aug 2014
English

Afghan nonviolence handbook

Ahmadullah Archiwal

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12 Aug 2014
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West Papua: “We will be free”

Jason MacLeod and Rosa Moiwend

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12 Aug 2014
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Nonviolent intervention in Kenya: empowering community action for social justice

Benard Lisamadi Agona

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12 Aug 2014
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Israel: New Profile learns from the experience of others

Ruth Hiller

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12 Aug 2014
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Freedom Flotilla to Gaza – a dilemma action case study

Majken Jul Sørensen and Brian Martin

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12 Aug 2014
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Castor - how we mobilised people for civil disobedience

Katja Tempel

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12 Aug 2014
English

Turkey: building a nonviolent culture

Hilal Demir and Ferda Ülker

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12 Aug 2014
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Colombia: Peace Community of San Jose de Apartadó

Luke Finn

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12 Aug 2014
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South Korea: the use of social media in nonviolent campaigns

Yeo Jeewoo

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12 Aug 2014
English

South Korea: the power of international solidarity

Jungmin Choi

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12 Aug 2014
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Chile: Gandhi’s insights gave people courage to defy Chile’s dictatorship

Roberta Bacic

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12 Aug 2014
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Seabrook—Wyhl—Marckolsheim: transnational links in a chain of campaigns

Joanne Sheehan and Eric Bachman

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11 Aug 2014
English

War Resisters' International supports nonviolent resisters in Palestine and Israel. We are in solidarity with conscientious objectors and those who refuse to participate in the Israeli army. Conscription is active in Israel for women and men, for Jewish Israelis and Palestinian Druze. As well as conscripting full-time recruits, reservists are also enlisted after their mandatory military service has ended. Many reservists have been drafted in 'Operation Protective Edge', the Israeli military assault on Gaza.

If you are subject to compulsory military service in Israel, and do not want to go, contact New Profile.

What you can do to support war resisters in Palestine and Israel

11 Aug 2014
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A seven-mile pink scarf knitted by over 5,000 people from around Britain and beyond has been unfurled between the Atomic Weapons Establishments (AWE) at Aldermaston and Burghfield in Berkshire. The knitters are calling on Parliament not to renew the Trident nuclear weapons system when the decision comes up in 2016.

08 Aug 2014
English

International solidarity campaign with South Africa

Howard Clark

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08 Aug 2014
English

Action evaluation

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08 Aug 2014
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Legal support

Sian Jones

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“Legal support” is a term used to describe a person or small of team of people, who support people taking action which is likely to result in arrest by:

08 Aug 2014
English

Media

Symon Hill

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While written by an activist whose primary experience of the media is in the United Kingdom, (reflected in the examples used), the skills and approaches covered in this piece are relevant to a much wider context.

08 Aug 2014
English

Case studies: stories and experiences

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07 Aug 2014
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Dilemma actions

Majken Jul Sørensen and Brian Martin

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07 Aug 2014
English

Roles before, during, and after an action

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Every action requires a range of different tasks. Some are very visible (for example, the people blocking a street, or the press spokesperson), while others are less visible. Each of these tasks is equally important, as all together they make an action possible.

07 Aug 2014
English

Tactic star

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The tactic star is a tool that leads us through a series of critical questions, to help us plan actions that are strategic, effective and purposeful. Follow the star clockwise, from the top ('goals and strategy') using the questions to refine the plan for an action as you go.

tacticstartacticstar

 

07 Aug 2014
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Forms of nonviolent action

Martin Smedjeback

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07 Aug 2014
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Humour and nonviolent campaigns

Majken Jul Sørensen

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07 Aug 2014
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Activism in oppressive regimes: some lessons from South Africa

Janet Cherry

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07 Aug 2014
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Coping with the stress and strain of taking a stand

Roberta Bacic with thanks to Clem McCartney

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07 Aug 2014
English

Fear

Andrew Rigby

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Quotations are taken from the transcripts of an international seminar at Coventry University, UK in April 2012 on the theme of Nonviolent Movements and the Barrier of Fear. The symposium was convened by the Centre for Peace and Reconciliation Studies and the International Centre for Nonviolent Conflict.

07 Aug 2014
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Maintaining nonviolence during an action

Andreas Speck

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07 Aug 2014
English

Working in groups

Denise Drake and Steve Whiting

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07 Aug 2014
English

Mobilising for change: building power in Nepal

Jagat Basnet and Jagat Deuja 

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07 Aug 2014
English

Education is freedom: popular education

Dan Glass 

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07 Aug 2014
English

The movement action plan

Andreas Speck

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The Movement Action Plan (MAP) is a tool to help you understand the progress of a social movement. Developed in the 1980s by Bill Moyer, it describes eight stages of successful movements and four different roles activists play in a social movement.

07 Aug 2014
English

Stages of escalation in a nonviolent campaign

Christine Schweitzer

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When we develop and carry out a nonviolent campaign for social change, we need to consider steps for increasing the pressure on those whose actions or decisions we oppose.

06 Aug 2014
English

Theories of change

Jake Coleman

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06 Aug 2014
English

Hiroshima Remembrance Day , August 6 2014, 11 am. The blockade at the Lutzerather Gate of the Büchel nuclear base was cleared at about 6.30 am this morning to allow vehicles entry to the nuclear weapons base. Of the 12 activists blockading the gate, one could not be immediately removed because he had locked himself to the gate with a bike lock around his neck. The police had to lift him and open the gate with him still attached. After attempts to break the lock, the police were forced to cut the gate itself in order to remove the protester. He and two other activists without ID were arrested and taken to Cochen police station, one of them is under-age. All the other blockaders were let go after their personal details were recorded.

06 Aug 2014
English

Constructive programme

Andrew Dey, Joanne Sheehan and Subhash Katel

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06 Aug 2014
English

Sending the protest message

Jørgen Johansen and Brian Martin

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What makes a protest action effective? Organisers have lots of potential choices: what, when, where, how and who. Looking at how audiences are likely to respond to messages can give guidance.

04 Aug 2014
English

Originally posted at: http://afsc.org/friends/while-bombs-fall-gaza-resisting-militarism-israel

While the bombs fall on Gaza and the majority of Israeli society seems to support the continuance of the military attack on Gaza, we, as Israelis horrified by the actions of our government, find our voices lost. What can we say and do? What value might this have? How can our echoes have any impact on the situation now?

Smoke rises over Gaza city by Anne PaqSmoke rises over Gaza city by Anne Paq

Internally in Israeli Jewish-society, it is clear that our voice remains unwelcome – protestors calling for the immediate end of the attack on Gaza have been  physically assaulted, eggs, rocks and chairs thrown at them, and some even hospitalized; celebrities who dare  to criticize the military have been  publically shunned and the majority of the elected opposition in the Knesset are aligning positions with the right-wing government. Those politicians, mostly Palestinians living in Israel, who dared to speak out have been cursed, threatened and physically dragged out of the Knesset.

01 Aug 2014
English

Planning nonviolent campaigns

Joanne Sheehan and Andreas Speck

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01 Aug 2014
English

Why things don't 'just happen'

Andrew Dey and Joanne Sheehan

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31 Jul 2014
English

Nonviolence and power

Andreas Speck

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The state is a social relationship, a certain way of people relating to one another. It can be destroyed by creating new social relationships; that is by people relating to one another differently.

Gustav Landauer

31 Jul 2014
English

 Conflict

Jørgen Johansen

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31 Jul 2014
English

Violence

Jørgen Johansen

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There are many ways to describe violence. A former Chair of War Resisters’ International, Narayan Desai, once said;

31 Jul 2014
English

Gender and nonviolence

Cattis Laska

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As we have accumulated more and more evidence from more and more societies, we have become increasingly confident in this assertion that to omit gender from any explanation how militarisation occurs, is not only to risk a flawed political analysis; it is to risk, too, a perpetually unsuccessful campaign to roll back that militarisation.

Cynthia Enloe

31 Jul 2014
English

Nonviolence training

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31 Jul 2014
English

Historical uses of nonviolent action

Howard Clark, April Carter and Michael Randle

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31 Jul 2014
English

 What is nonviolence, and why use it?

Joanne Sheehan

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28 Jul 2014
English

The Women Peacemakers Program's Global Consultati on: ‘Gender and Militarization: Analyzing the Links to Strategize for Peace’ proceeded, and fed into, the Small Actions, Big Movements conference. The meeting made a statement to the WRI conference opening:

25 Jul 2014
English

Desmond Tutu's welcome message to the Small Actions, Big Movements conference. Shown in Cape Town City Hall on the evening of 4th July. Desmond Tutu in the end was able to join us for the conference opening in person! But we were also glad to show this short film.

This page will gather text, videos and images from the Small Actions, Big Movements International Conference in Cape Town, July 2014.

25 Jul 2014
English

The new handbook is available from the WRI webshop, here:

http://wri-irg.org/node/23245

At the 'Small Actions, Big Movements' conference in South Africa, War Resisters' International released the new edition of the 'Handbook for Nonviolent Campaigns'. At a launch event, different contributors read from the handbook, described the inspiration behind creating a new edition, and explained their various contributions.

The handbook aims to show how a group can achieve their goals by developing a strategy (a plan as to how they will exert the necessary pressure to make change), before exploring what strategy looks like in reality. The handbook was written by over 30 people from countries all over the world, and aims to reflect and empower nonviolent activists internationally.